- Pioneered by Konrad Lorenz and Nikolaas Tinbergen, ethology applies evolutionary theory to early animal and childhood human behaviour, in order to examine its instinctive and adaptive nature. Its roots go back to Charles Darwin's Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection (1859). Lorenz is usually credited with its discovery in the early 1930s. He is best-known for his studies of ‘imprinting’ and the instinctive basis of animal and human behaviour. His work had more impact on psychologists (as in John Bowlby's research on attachment and loss) than on sociologists: the latter usually argue that studies of animal behaviour are of little relevance in understanding human society.Ethology became immensely popular during the 1960s in popular books such as Desmond Morris's The Naked Ape (1967). In this and his subsequent work, Morris sought to demonstrate the similarity, and hence the evolutionary significance, of certain aspects of human and animal behaviour. Critics have pointed to the reductionist assumptions behind much of the popular ethology of the 1950s and 1960s, which is regarded as one of the precursors of sociobiology.
Dictionary of sociology. 2013.
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Ethology — E*thol o*gy, n. [Gr. ? a depicting of character; ? custom, moral nature + ? to speak.] 1. A treatise on morality; ethics. [1913 Webster] 2. The science of the formation of character, national and collective as well as individual. J. S. Mill.… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
ethology — index casuistry Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 … Law dictionary
ethology — late 17c., mimicry, from L. ethologia, from Gk. ethologia, from ethos character (see ETHOS (Cf. ethos)). As a branch of zoology, from 1897 … Etymology dictionary
ethology — ► NOUN 1) the science of animal behaviour. 2) the study of human behaviour from a biological perspective. DERIVATIVES ethological adjective ethologist noun. ORIGIN Greek thologia, from thos nature, disposition … English terms dictionary
ethology — [ē thäl′ə jē] n. [L ethologia, character portrayal < Gr ēthologia: see ETHOS & LOGY] Biol. the scientific study of the characteristic behavior patterns of animals ethological [ē΄thə läj′i kəl] adj. ethologist n … English World dictionary
Ethology — Not to be confused with ethnology. Animal Behavior redirects here. For the journal, see Animal Behaviour (journal). For the Praxis single, see Transmutation (Mutatis Mutandis). Part of a series on … Wikipedia
ethology — ethological /ee theuh loj i keuhl, eth euh /, adj. ethologically, adv. ethologist, n. /ee thol euh jee, i thol /, n. the study of animal behavior with emphasis on the behavioral patterns that occur in natural environments. [1895 1900; earlier, as … Universalium
ethology — etologija statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Mokslas, tiriantis žmogaus ir gyvūnų elgesį natūralioje aplinkoje. atitikmenys: angl. ethology vok. Ethologie, f rus. этология, f … Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas
ethology — noun Etymology: Greek ethos + English logy Date: circa 1843 1. a branch of knowledge dealing with human character and with its formation and evolution 2. the scientific and objective study of animal behavior especially under natural conditions •… … New Collegiate Dictionary
ethology — the study of innate behavior; of behaviour in the normal environment of the fish (although often carried out in a simulated environment, the aquarium) … Dictionary of ichthyology